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At each date marker,  <<  navigates back and  >>  navigates forward.

<<  ANTIQUITY  >>



BCE 492-480 :  PERSIAN INVASIONS OF GREECE

BCE 431-403 :  PELOPONNESIAN WAR  ( Athens  vs  Sparta )

c. BCE 350 – The Nicomachean Ethics  by  Aristotle  ( BCE 384-322 )

c. BCE 350 – The Politics  by  Aristotle  ( BCE 384-322 )

BCE 338 :  PHILLIP II OF MACEDON CONQUERS GREECE



BCE 334-327 :  ALEXANDER THE GREAT CONQUERS PERSIA

BCE 265 :  ROME CONSOLIDATES CONTROL OF THE ITALIAN PENNINSULA

BCE 264-241 :  FIRST PUNIC WAR  ( Carthage  vs  Rome )

BCE 218-201 :  SECOND PUNIC WAR

BCE 214-205 :  FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ( Rome  vs  Macedonia )

BCE 200-197 :  SECOND MACEDONIAN WAR

BCE 192-189 :  SYRIAN WAR

BCE 171-168 :  THIRD MACEDONIAN WAR

BCE 149-148 :  FOURTH AND FINAL MACEDONIAN WAR

BCE 149-146 :  THIRD PUNIC WAR – ROME DESTROYS CARTHAGE



BCE 58-51 :  ROMAN CONQUEST OF GAUL

BCE 64 :  SELEUCID EMPIRE CONQUERED BY ROME

BCE 49-31 :  ROMAN CIVIL WARS

BCE 44 :  JULIUS CAESAR ASSASINATED, 15 March

BCE 27 :  AUGUSTUS CAESAR MADE EMPEROR OF ROME

<<  CURRENT ERA TO 1000  >>

43-57 :  ROMAN CONQUEST OF BRITAIN

66-70 :  JEWISH REVOLT AGAINST ROME

70 :  ROMANS SACK JERUSALEM – DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE

313 :  CONVERSION OF CONSTANTINE TO CHRISTIANITY



330 :  EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE ESTABLISHED AT CONSTANTINOPOLE  ( Byzantium )

455 :  VANDALS SACK ROME – FALL OF THE WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE

622-630 :  RISE OF ISLAM

622 – The Medina Charter

635-650 :  ISLAMIC CONQUESTS IN SYRIA, EYGPT, PERSIA, and LIBYA

661-750 :  UMAYYAD CALIPHATE

800 :  CHARLEMAGNE CROWNED HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR, 25 December

<<  1000  >>

1054 :  THE GREAT SCHISM - Separation of Roman and Byzantine Churches Begins

1066 :  NORMAN CONQUEST OF ENGLAND, Battle of Hastings, 14 October

1095-1099 :  FIRST CRUSADE

1147-1149 :  SECOND CRUSADE



1188-1192 :  THIRD CRUSADE

1201-1227 :  GENGHIS KHAN ( 1162-1227 ) ESTABLISHES THE MONGOL EMPIRE
The Great Yassa (law) of Ghengis Khan

1202-1204 :  FOURTH CRUSADE  ( Sack of Costantinople )

1215 – Magna Carta  ( Great Charter )

1217-1221 :  FIFTH CRUSADE

1228-1229 :  SIXTH CRUSADE

1248-1250 :  SEVENTH AND LAST CRUSADE

c.1255 – Summa Theologica  by  St. Thomas Aquinas  ( 1225?-1274 )

1259 :  MONGOLS TAKE DAMASCUS

1260 :  MONGOLS TAKE ALLEPO

1337-1453 :  THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR



1419-1434 :  THE HUSSITE WARS

1453 :  TURKS CAPTURE CONSTANTINOPLE – FALL OF THE EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE

1455-1485 :  THE WARS OF THE ROSES

1476 :  UNIFICATION OF SPAIN  ( Permanent 1516 )

1492 :  FIRST EXPEDITION OF CHRISTOPER COLUMBUS TO AMERICA

1494 – Treaty of Tordesillas

<<  1500  >>



1515 – The Prince  by  Nicolo Machiavelli  ( 1469-1527 )

1517 – The 95 Theses  by  Martin Luther  ( 1483-1546 ) – THE REFORMATION BEGINS

1519-1521 :  SPANISH CONQUEST OF MEXICO

1521-1559 :  FRANCO-HABSBURG WARS

1530-1533 :  SPANISH CONQUEST OF PERU

1531 :  HENRY VIII ESTABLISHES THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND

1534-1535 :  CARTIER EXPLORES THE ST. LAWRENCE RIVER

1543 – De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium  by  Nicholas Copernicus  ( 1473-1543 )

1562-1598 :  FRENCH WARS OF RELIGION

1565 :  SPANISH FLORIDA COLONY, St. Augustine, 28 August

1565-1581 :  THE DUTCH REVOLT

1571 :  BATTLE OF LEPANTO, 7 October

1572 :  ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S DAY MASSACRE, 24 August



1581 – Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos  ( A Defence of Liberty Against Tyrants )  by  "Junius Brutus"  ( ? )

1588 :  ENGLAND DEFEATS SPANISH ARMADA, August - September

1598 :  EDICT OF NANTES, FRENCH WARS OF RELIGION END

<<  1600  >>

1605 :  The Gunpowder Plot, 5 November
The Official Reports of James I

1607 :  ENGLISH VIRGINIA COLONY, Jamestown, 14 May
First Charter of Virginia  ( 1606 )
Second Charter of Virginia  ( 1609 )
Third Charter of Virginia  ( 1611 )

1608 :  FRENCH QUEBEC COLONY, 3 July

1618-1648 :  THE THIRTY YEARS WAR

1620 :  ENGLISH MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY, Plymouth, 21 December
Charter of New England  ( 1620 )
Charter of New Plymouth  ( 1629 )
Charter of Massachusetts Bay  ( 1629 )

1624 :  DUTCH NEW NETHERLAND COLONY
Charter of the Dutch West India Company  ( 1621 )

1625 – De Jure Belli ac Pacis  ( On the Law of War and Peace )  by  Grotius  ( Hugo de Groot, 1583-1645 )

1627 – The Petition of Right

1629 :  NEW AMSTERDAM FOUNDED ON MANHATTEN ISLAND

1640-1651 :  ENGLISH CIVIL WARS

1646-1660 :  ENGLISH COMMONWEALTH

1648 – Treaty of Westphalia ( Münster ) – The Thirty Years War ends



1649 :  CHARLES I EXECUTED FOR TREASON AND WAR CRIMES, 30 January
The Charge against the King
Geoffrey Robertson, JOHN COOKE - A LIFE IN BRIEF, Counsel ( 2005.09 ).

1651 – Leviathan  by  Thomas Hobbes  ( 1588-1679 )

1652-1654 :  FIRST ANGLO-DUTCH WAR

1660 :  ENGLISH RESTORATION – Charles II assumes the throne, 29 May

1664 :  NEW NETHERLAND TAKEN BY ENGLAND AND RENAMED NEW YORK

1665-1667 :  SECOND ANGLO-DUTCH WAR



1672-1674 :  THIRD ANGLO-DUTCH WAR

1679 – Habeas Corpus Act of 1679

1682 – De Officio Hominis et Civis  ( On the Duty of Man and Citizen )  by  Samuel von Pufendorf  ( 1632-1694 )

1683 :  THE SIEGE OF VIENNA

1688 :  THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION

1689 – The English Bill of Rights

1690 – Second Treatise of Civil Government  by  John Locke  ( 1632-1704 )

<<  1700  >>



1701-1714 :  WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION  ( Queen Anne's War )

1740-1748 :  WAR OF THE AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION

1748 – The Principles of Natural and Politic Law  by  Jean Jacques Burlamaqui  ( 1694-1748 )

1748 – The Spirit of the Laws  by  Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu  ( 1689-1755 )

1749 – British Royal Navy Articles of War
The 1749 Naval Act, 22 Geo. 2, c. 33

1756-1763 :  THE SEVEN YEARS WAR  ( French & Indian War )

1758 – The Law of Nations  by  Emmerich de Vattel  ( 1714-1767 )

1760 – The King of Prussia's Military Instruction to his Generals  by  Friedrich II der Grosse (1712-1786)

1762 – Dictionnaire Philosophique  by  Francois-Marie Arouet de Voltaire  ( 1694-1778 )

1762 – The Social Contract  by  Jean Jacques Rousseau  ( 1712-1778 )

1762 – Rules and Articles for the Better Government of His Majesty's Forces

1763 – Of Crimes and Punishments  by  Cesare Beccaria  ( 1738-1794 )

1765 – Commentaries on the Laws of England  by  William Blackstone  ( 1723-1780 )

<<  1770  >>



1775-1783 :  AMERICAN REVOLUTION

1775 – US Articles of War Enacted by Continental Congress, 30 June

1776 – US Declaration of Independence, 4 July
Jefferson's "original Rough draught"

1776 – An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations  by  Adam Smith  ( 1723-1790 )

1778 – Treaties of Alliance and Commerce Between the United States and France, 6 February ( Paris )

1778 – US Articles of Confederation, 9 July ( Philadelphia );  ratified 1 March 1781

1780-1784 :  FOURTH ANGLO-DUTCH WAR

1781 – Critique of Pure Reason  by  Immanuel Kant  ( 1724-1804 )

1783 – Definitive Treaty of Peace between Great Britain and the United States, 3 September ( Paris )

1783 :  FIRST HUMAN FLIGHT – The Montgolfier Balloon, Paris, 21 November

1785 – Treaty of Amity and Commerce Between Prussia and US, 10 September ( The Hague )

1786 – An Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species  by  Thomas Clarkson  ( 1760-1846 )

1787 – US Constitution, 17 September ( Philadelphia );  ratified 21 June 1788;  effective 4 March 1789.
The Founders' Constitution  ( debates etc )

1788 – The Federalist Papers  by "Publius"  ( Alexander Hamilton,  John Jay  &  James Madison )

1789-1799 :  FRENCH REVOLUTION  &  REVOLUTIONARY WARS



1789 – French Declaration of the Rights of Man, 26 August

1789 – An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation  by  Jeremy Bentham  ( 1748-1832 )

1791 – The Rights of Man  by  Tom Paine  ( 1737-1809 )

1792 – Vindication of the Rights of Woman  by  Mary Wollstonecraft  ( 1759-1797 )

1793 – Enquiry Concerning Political Justice  by  William Godwin  ( 1756-1836 )

1796 – US Supreme Court :  Ware  v.  Hylton, 3 U.S. 199

1798 – US Supreme Court :  Calder  v.  Bull, 3 U.S. 386

1798-1800 :  NAVAL QUASI-WAR BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND FRANCE  ( XYZ Affair )

<<  1800  >>



1799-1815 :  NAPOLEONIC WARS

1803 – US Supreme Court :  Marbury  v.  Madison, 5 U.S. 137

1804 – US Supreme Court :  Murray  v.  The Schooner Charming Betsy, 6 U.S. 64

1804 – US Supreme Court :  Little  v.  Barreme, 6 U.S. 170

1810-1821 :  MEXICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

1811-1825 :  LIBERATION OF SOUTH AMERICA FROM SPAIN

1812-1815 :  WAR OF 1812

1815 :  CONGRESS OF VIENNA

1829 – US Supreme Court :  Foster  v.  Neilson, 27 U.S. 253

1830 – US Supreme Court :  Ex Parte Watkins, 28 U.S. 193

1835-1836 :  TEXAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

1841 – US Supreme Court :  The Amistad, 40 U.S. 518

1846-1848 :  MEXICAN WAR

1849 & 1853 :  FIRST MANNED GLIDER FLIGHTS ( Cayley )

1854-1856 :  CRIMEAN WAR



1856 – US Supreme Court :  Dred Scott  v.  Sandford, 60 U.S. 393

1859 :  BATTLE OF SOLFERINO, 24 June

1859 :  JOHN BROWN'S RAID ON HARPERS FERRY, 16-18 October

<<  1860  >>



1861-1865 :  AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

1861 :  ITALIAN UNIFICATION – Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia & Savoy Made King of Italy

1862 – A Memory of Solferino  by  Henri Dunant  ( 1828-1910 )
Founder of the Red Cross 1863.    First Nobel Laureate for Peace 1901.

1863 – Emancipation Proclamation, 1 January

1863 – Utilitarianism  by  John Stuart Mill  ( 1806-1873 )



1863 – The Lieber Code :  Instructions for the Government of US Armies in the Field  by  Francis Lieber ( 1798-1870 )

1863 :  BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, 1-3 July

   

1863 – Geneva International Conference – Red Cross founded, 26-29 October

1864 :  DANISH-PRUSSIAN WAR

1864 – Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field

1865 :  LEE SURRENDERS TO GRANT, Appomattox Court House, 9 April

1865 :  PRESIDENT LINCOLN ASSASINATED, Washington, 14 April

1866 :  AUSTRO-PRUSSIAN WAR

1868 – Additional Articles relating to the Condition of the Wounded in War ( Ratified by US, but never in force. )

1868 – St. Petersburg Declaration Renouncing the Use, in Time of War, of Explosive Projectiles Under 400 Grams

1870-1871 :  FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR

1871 :  GERMAN UNIFICATION – William I of Prussia Made German Emperor

1874 – The Brussels Declaration :  The Laws and Customs of War

1880 – The Oxford Manual :  The Laws of War on Land



1896 – Military Law and Precedents ( 2d Ed. )  by  William Winthrop  ( 1831-1899 )

1896 – US Supreme Court :  Plessy  v.  Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537

1898 :  SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR


"Until a more complete code of the laws of war is issued, the High Contracting Parties think it right to declare that in cases not included in the Regulations adopted by them, populations and belligerents remain under the protection and empire of the principles of international law, as they result from the usages established between civilized nations, from the laws of humanity and the requirements of the public conscience."

— The Martens Clause, Hague II (1899), preamble.





1899 – Hague II Convention with Respect to the Laws and Customs of War on Land

1899-1901 :  PHILIPPINE "INSURRECTION"

1899-1902 :  BOER WAR

<<  1900  >>

1900 :  BOXER REBELLION ( China )

1901-1902 :  27,000 Boer Civilians Die in British Concentration Camps

1903 – US-Cuba Agreement for the Lease of Guantanamo Bay, 23 February



1903 :  FIRST MANNED AIRPLANE – The Wright Flyer, Kitty Hawk, 17 December

1904-1905 :  RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR

1905 – On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies  by  Albert Einstein  ( 1879-1955 )

1906 – Geneva Red Cross Convention

1907 – Pragmatism  by  William James  ( 1842-1910 )

1907 – Hague IV Convention & Annex Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land  ( H. IV & HR )

<<  1910  >>

1911 :  CHINESE REPUBLIC – Manchu Dynasty Collapses

1914 :  ARCHDUKE FRANZ FERDINAND OF AUSTRIA ASSASSINATED, Sarajevo, 28 June

1914-1918 :  FIRST WORLD WAR



1916-1918 :  THE ARAB REVOLT

1916 – The Sykes-Picot Agreement

1916-1921 :  IRISH REVOLUTION & PARTITION OF IRELAND

1917 – The Balfour Declaration



1917-1921 :  RUSSIAN REVOLUTION & CIVIL WAR

1918 :  GERMANY & AUSTRIA CAPITULATE – Armistice, 11 November, 1111 hours

1919 – Versailles Treaty  &  League of Nations Covenant

<<  1920  >>



1920 :  19th AMMENDMENT RATIFIED – US women win the right to vote, 18 August

1921 – Washington Naval Treaty

1922 – Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus  by  Lugwig Wittgenstein  ( 1889-1951 )

1922 – The Palestine Mandate

1926 – GODDARD TESTS FIRST LIQUID FUELED ROCKET, 16 March

1927 – LINDBERGH FLIES SOLO ACROSS THE ATLANTIC, 20-21 May



1928 – Kellogg-Briand Pact :  Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy  ( Paris )

1929 – Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War  ( GPW 1929 )

<<  1930  >>

1931 :  JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF MANCHURIA

1934 – US-Cuba Treaty, 29 May  ( revised 1903 Guantanamo Bay lease )

1934 – Draft International Convention on the Condition and Protection of Civilians  ( Tokyo )

1936-1939 :  SPANISH CIVIL WAR



1938 – Agreement Concluded Between Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy  ( Munich )

1939-1945 :  SECOND WORLD WAR



1939 :  GERMANY INVADES POLAND, September 1

<<  1940  >>

1940 :  GERMANY INVADES NORWAY, 9 April

1940 :  GERMANY INVADES HOLLAND, BELGIUM, LUXEMBOURG, AND FRANCE, 10 May

1940 :  FRANCE SURRENDERS, 22 June



1940 :  THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN, 10 July - 31 October

1941 – The St. James Agreement, 12 June

1941 :  GERMANY INVADES THE SOVIET UNION, 22 June

1941 – The Atlantic Charter ( UK-USA ), 14 August

1941 :  JAPAN ATTACKS PEARL HARBOR, 7 December

1941 :  JAPAN INVADES THE PHILLIPINES, 10 December

1942 :  SINGAPORE FALLS TO JAPAN, 15 February



1942 :  CORREGIDOR SURRENDERS, 6 May

1942 :  BATTLE OF MIDWAY, 3-6 June

1942 – US Supreme Court :  Ex parte QUIRIN, 317 U.S. 1

1942 :  BATTLE OF EL ALAMEIN, 23 October - 5 November

1942 :  "TORCH" – ALLIES INVADE FRENCH NORTH AFRICA, 8 November

1943 :  GERMAN 6TH ARMY SURRENDERS AT STALINGRAD, 31 January



1943 – US Supreme Court :  KOREMATSU  v.  United States, 319 U.S. 432

1943 :  "HUSKY" – ALLIES INVADE SICILY, 10 July

1943 :  "AVALANCHE" – ALLIES INVADE ITALY, 9 September

1943 – The Moscow Declaration, 30 October

1944 :  D-DAY ( "OVERLORD" ) – ALLIES INVADE NORMANDY, 6 June



1944 :  "OPERATION BAGRATION" – SOVIETS LAUNCH MASSIVE GENERAL OFFENSIVE, 22 June

1944 :  "ANVIL" – ALLIES INVADE SOUTHERN FRANCE, 15 August

1944 :  LIBERATION OF PARIS, 25 August

1944-1945 :  GERMAN ARDENNES COUNTER-OFFENSIVE ( Battle of the Bulge ) 16 Dec - 28 Jan

<<  1945  >>

1945 :  DRESDEN DESTROYED BY ALLIED AIR RAIDS, 13-15 February

1945 :  ALLIES CROSS THE RHINE, 7-23 March

1945 :  SOVIETS ENTER BERLIN, 23 April



1945 :  VE  DAY – GERMANY SURRENDERS, 8 May

1945 – UNITED NATIONS CHARTER – San Francisco, 26 June

     

1945 :  "TRINITY" – FIRST ATOM BOMB TEST, Alamogordo Test Range, New Mexico, 5:29:45 AM, 16 July

1945 :  HIROSHIMA DESTROYED BY ATOM BOMB ATTACK, 6 August

1945 – CHARTER OF THE INTERNATIONAL MILITARY TRIBUNAL, 8 August  ( London )

Cf. Report on the International Conference on Military Trials, London;  Preface  by  Robert H. Jackson  ( 1892-1954 )

1945 :  NAGASAKI DESTROYED BY ATOM BOMB ATTACK, 9 August

1945 :  VJ  DAY – JAPAN SURRENDERS, 2 September

     

IMT Trial Starts, 18 October
Justice Robert Jackson's Opening Statement

1945-48 – Nuremberg War Crimes Trials
The Mazal Library

1945-49 :  CHINESE CIVIL WAR

1946-54 :  FIRST INDOCHINA WAR

1946 – US Supreme Court :  Application of YAMASHITA, 327 U.S. 1

1946 – IMT Charter Adopted by UN General Assembly Resolution 95(I) – 11 December

1946-1948 – Tokyo War Crimes Trials

1947 – US Supreme Court :  HAUPT  v.  United States, 330 U.S. 631

1947 – Nuremberg :  The Justice Trial ( US  v.  Alstötter ), 5 March - 4 December
NMT Vol. 3, Case No. 3 ( Mazal Library )



1947 :  THE X-1 BREAKS THE SOUND BARRIER, 14 October

1948 – US Supreme Court :  Ahrens  v.  Clark, 335 U.S. 188

1948 – US Supreme Court :  Hirota  v.  MacArthur, 335 U.S. 876

1948 :  ISRAELI WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

1948 – UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS – New York, 10 December

1949 – GENEVA CONVENTIONS, 12 August

1949 :  FIRST SOVIET ATOM BOMB TEST, Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan, 29 August

<<  1950  >>

1950-1953 :  KOREAN WAR

1950 – Uniform Code of Military Justice ( UCMJ ) Enacted by US Congress, 5 May
The UCMJ was originally promulgated in 1950 as Pub. L. No. 81-506, 64 Stat. 107-49, and came into force May 31, 1951. It is codified at 10 USC §§ 801-946. A comprehensive legislative history of the UCMJ was recently published by W. S. Hein, Index and Legislative History: Uniform Code of Military Justice (2000).
US Military Commissions: A Quick Guide, by Stephen Young. ]

1950 – US Supreme Court :  Johnson  v.  EISENTRAGER, 339 U.S. 763

1951 – Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

1952 – US Supreme Court :  Rochin  v.  California, 342 U.S. 165 (1952)



1952 :  "MIKE" – FIRST HYDROGEN BOMB TEST, Eniwetok Atoll, 31 October

1953 – US Supreme Court :  Shaughnessy  v.  United States ex rel. MEZEI, 345 U.S. 206

1954 :  FALL OF DIEN BIEN PHU, 8 May

1954 – US Supreme Court :  Brown  v.  Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483

1955 :  US Ratifies the 1949 Geneva Conventions, 2 August
Cf. Pres. Eisenhower to E.R. Harriman, American Red Cross  ( 1955.08.01 )

1956 :  SUEZ CRISIS

1956 – US Army Field Manual 27-10 – The Law of Land Warfare

1957 :  USSR LAUNCHES SPUTNIK INTO ORBIT, 4 October

<<  1960  >>



1961 :  YURI GAGARIN ORBITS THE EARTH IN VOSTOK I, 12 April

1961 :  BAY OF PIGS – CUBA DEFEATS CIA INVASION, 16-19 April

1962 – US Supreme Court :  Baker  v.  Carr, 369 U.S. 186

1962 :  CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS, 18-29 October

1963 :  PRESIDENT KENNEDY ASSASINATED, 22 November



1964 :  TONKIN RESOLUTION, 7 August – VIETNAM WAR BEGINS

1965 – The Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent

"The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring
assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours,
in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering
wherever it may be found.

"Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being,
It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace
amongst all peoples."

1966 – International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights  ( ICESCR )

1966 – International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  ( ICCPR )

1967 :  SIX DAY WAR

1967-1970 :  BIAFRAN WAR  ( Nigeria )



1968 – Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity

1969 :  APOLLO 11 MOON LANDING, 20 July, 2118 GMT



<<  1970  >>

1970 :  US INVADES CAMBODIA

1971 :  US INVADES LAOS

1971 – US Supreme Court :  Bivens  v.  Six Unknown Named Agents, 403 U.S. 388

1973 – US Supreme Court :  Braden  v.  30th Judicial Circuit Court of Kentucky, 410 U.S. 484

1973 :  YOM KIPPUR WAR

1974 :  NIXON RESIGNS THE PRESIDENCY, 8 August

1975 :  FALL OF SAIGON, 29 April – VIETNAM WAR ENDS



1977 – Geneva Protocols I & II

1979-1989 :  SOVIET-AFGHAN WAR

1979.07.03 – CIA begins secret aid to Afghan rebels

1979 :  SOVIET INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN, 24 December

1979-1981 :  US - IRAN HOSTAGE CRISIS

<<  1980  >>

1983 :  US INVADES GRENADA, 25 October

1984 – International Convention Against Torture  ( ICAT )

1986 :  SPACE SHUTTLE CHALLENGER EXPLODES ON ASCENT, 28 January

1986.02.05 – OLC :  Using Signing Statement [ to Expand President's Role ] ( Alito )

1986 – Goldwater-Nichols Act

1988 – US Supreme Court :  Morrison  v.  Olson, 487 U.S. 654

1988 :  PAN AM FLIGHT 103 DESTROYED BY BOMB, Lockerbie Scotland, 21 December

1989 :  SOVIETS WITHDRAW FROM AFGHANISTAN, February

1989 :  US INVADES PANAMA, 20 December

<<  1990  >>

1991 :  CROATIA AND SLOVENIA PROCLAIM INDEPENDENCE FROM YUGOSLAVIA

1991 :  SOVIET UNION COLLAPSES AND BREAKS UP



1991-1992 :  PERSIAN GULF WAR

1992 – USDC Southern Florida :  United States  v.  Noriega, 808 F.Supp. 791

1992-1995 :  CIVIL WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

1993 :  TERRORIST BOMBING AT NYC WORLD TRADE CENTER, 26 February

1993.11.03 – OLC :  Presidential Signing Statements ( Dellinger )

1994 :  GENOCIDE BEGINS IN RAWANDA, 6 April

1994 :  US OCCUPIES HAITI, 19 September

1994.11.02 – OLC :  Presidential Authority to Decline to Execute Unconstitutional Statutes ( Dellinger )

1996 – 18 USC § 2441  ( WAR CRIMES )  ENACTED BY US CONGRESS, 21 August
Cf. House Report 104-698 – WAR CRIMES ACT OF 1996  ( 1996.07.24 )

1997 – US Army Regulation 190-8 – EPW, Retained Personnel, Civilian Internees and Other Detainees

1997 – 18 USC § 2441 AMENDED AND EXPANDED BY US CONGRESS, 26 November
Cf. House Report 105-204 – EXPANDED WAR CRIMES ACT OF 1997  ( 1997.07.25 )

1998 – Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

1999 :  NATO AIR WAR TO RESCUE KOSOVO FROM SERBIA

<<  2000  >>

2000 :  BOMB ATTACK ON USS COLE ( DDG 67 ) IN ADEN HARBOR, 12 October

2000.12.12 – US Supreme Court :  BUSH  v.  GORE

<<  2001  >>

2001.09.11 :  AL QAEDA ATTACKS WTC  &  PENTAGON – " WAR ON TERRORISM " BEGINS

2001.09.13 – US Congress:  Authorization for Use of Military Force

2001.09.17 :  BUSH ISSUES SECRET AUTHORIZATION FOR CIA DETENTIONS

2001.09.25 – OLC Memo ( Yoo ) on Authority to Conduct Military Operations against Terrorists

2001.10.09 :  US INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN

2001.10.25 – US Congress:  USA PATRIOT ACT

2001.11.06 – OLC Memo ( Philbin ) Legality of Military Commissions to Try Terrorists

2001.11.13 – White House Issues Presidential Military Order on Detentions etc. ( "PMO" )



2001.11.25-29 :  PRISON REVOLT AT QALA-I-JANGI ( Mazar-i-Sharif )

2001.12.28 – OLC Memo ( Philbin & Yoo > Haynes ) on Habeas and Guantanamo Bay

<<  2002  >>

2002.01.04 :  RUMSFELD APPROVES US PRISON CAMP AT GUANTANAMO BAY

2002.01.09 – OLC Memo ( Yoo ) on Application of Treaties and Laws to Detainees

2002.01.10 :  US PRISON CAMP OPERATION STARTS AT GUANTANAMO BAY

2002.01.11 – State Dept Reply ( Taft ) to OLC on Geneva Conventions


POWs at Camp X-Ray, January 2002.  Photo: Dept. of Defense.

"You know the -- under the Geneva Convention, it's illegal to do things with
prisoners of war that are humiliating to those individuals. And the United States,
of course, avoids showing photographs of prisoners of war. We have thousands
of Iraqi prisoners that are in POW camps that we brought along and have erected
in country. But we do not -- we avoid showing photographs of them."

– US Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld, "Meet the Press", 23 March 2003.

2002.01.18 :  BUSH & GONZALES DECIDE TO VIOLATE GENEVA ???

2002.01.19 – DoD Memo ( Rumsfeld > Myers ) on Status of Detainees

2002.01.21 – JCS Memo ( Myers > commands ) on Status of Detainees

2002.01.22 – OLC Memo ( Bybee > Gonzales ) on Status of Detainees under 18 USC § 2441

2002.01.25 – Alberto Gonzales Memo to Bush on 18 USC 2441

2002.01.26 – Colin Powell Reply to Gonzales on 18 USC 2441

2002.01.30 :  RUMSFELD AUTHORIZES JTF-170 ( Interrogations ) AT GUANTANAMO BAY

2002.02.01 – Ashcroft Memo to Bush

2002.02.02 – State Department ( Taft ) Memo to Gonzales on Geneva Conventions

2002.02.07 – OLC Memo ( Bybee ) Status of Taliban under Geneva III

2002.02.07 – Bush Memo to VP on Treatment of Detainees

2002.02.07 – White House Issues "Fact Sheet:  Status of Detainees at Guantanamo"

2002.03.06 – DoD Working Group Report on Detainee Interrogetions ( DRAFT )

2002.03.21 – DoD Issues Military Commission Order No. 1
Cf. DoD  Military Commission Instructions  Nos. 1-8  ( 2003.05.02 )

2002.04.04 – DoD Working Group Report on Detainee Interrogetions ( FINAL )

2002.04.05 – Yaser Hamdi Transferred from Guantanamo Bay to US Navy Brig, Norfolk

2002.07.12 – USCA 4th Circuit :  HAMDI  v.  Rumsfeld  ( "Hamdi II" )



2002.07.27 – Omar Khadr captured in Afghanistan (witness report 2003.03.17)

2002.08.01 – OLC Memo (Bybee) to Gonzales on Interrogations under 18 USC §§ 2340-2340A ( Torture )

2002.08.01 – OLC Memo (Bybee) to CIA on Interrogations under 18 USC §§ 2340-2340A ( Torture )

2002.09.25 – Alberto Gonzales, David Addington, and John Yoo visit JTF-GTMO

2002.10.07 – US Congress:  Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq

2002.10.11 – JTF-170 Memo ( Dunleavy > SOUTHCOM ) on "Counter-Resistence Strategies"

2002.10.12 – AL QAEDA BOMBINGS KILL 202 AT KUTA BEACH, BALI

2002.10.23 – OLC Memo ( Bybee ) President's Authority for Use of Military Force in Iraq

2002.10.25 – SOUTHCOM Endorses JTF-170 Request

2002.10.26 – DoD RELEASES FOUR POWs FROM GUANTANAMO BAY

2002.11.06 – Court of Appeal ( UK ) :  Application of ABBASI and Another

2002.11.08 – OLC Memo ( Yoo ) Effect of UNSC Resolution on Use of Military Force in Iraq

2002.11.08 – UN Security Council Resolution 1441:  Iraq and Kuwait

2002.12.02 – Rumsfeld Approves Counter-Resistance Techniques

2002.12.07 – OLC Memo ( Yoo ) Whether False Statements Would be a Material Breach of UNSC Res. 1441

<<  2003  >>

2003.01.08 – USCA 4th Circuit :  HAMDI  v.  Rumsfeld  ( "Hamdi III" )

2003.01.15 – Rumsfeld Memo to SOUTHCOM on Counter Resistance Techniques

2003.01.15 – Rumsfeld Memo to Haynes on Detainee Interrogations

2003.01.17 – Haynes Memo Authorizing Working Group on Detainee Interrogations

2003.02.01 :  SPACE SHUTTLE COLUMBIA DISINTEGRATES ON RE-ENTRY

2003.02.28 – DoD ISSUES Military Commission Draft Crimes and Elements Instruction

2003.03.06 – DoD "Working Group" Report :  Detainee Interrogation in the Global War on Terrorism

2003.03.11 – USCA DC Circuit :  AL-ODAH  v.  United States

2003.03.14 – Yoo Memo to Haynes on Interogation and Torture of Detainees
Pages 1-19
Pages 20-39
Pages 40-59
Pages 60-81



2003.03.19 :  US INVASION OF IRAQ

2003.04.04 – DoD Working Group Report on Detainee Operations
Comments by the Military Judge Advocates ( 2003.02.05 - 2008.03.13 )

2003.04.14 :  US OCCUPATION OF IRAQ

2003.04.16 – Rumsfeld Memo to SOUTHCOM on Counter Resistance Techniques

2003.05.02 – DoD Issues Military Commission Instructions  Nos.   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8    Index 
Cf. DoD Military Commission Order No. 1  ( 2002.03.21 )

2003.05.19 – US Supreme Court :  Cert. Denied COALITION OF CLERGY  v.  Bush

2003.05.22 – UN Security Council Resolution 1483 :  Iraq

2003.05.22 – DoD Appoints Office of "Military Commissions" Officials  ( Biographies )

2003.06.02 – USCA DC Circuit :  Reconsideration of Al-Odah  v.  United States en banc Denied  ( no vote )



2003.06.21 – DoD Issues Military Commission Order No. 2

2003.07.03 – DoD ACTIVATES ILLEGAL Military Commission PROCESS FOR 6 POWs
Cf. 18 USC § 2441 – War crimes
Cf. House Report 104-698 – WAR CRIMES ACT OF 1996  ( 1996.07.24 )
Cf. House Report 105-204 – EXPANDED WAR CRIMES ACT OF 1997  ( 1997.07.25 )

2003.07.04 :  POWs ABBASI, BEGG, AND HICKS IDENTIFIED AS 3 OF Military Commission 6

2003.07.09 – USCA 4th Circuit :  Reconsideration of HAMDI  v.  Rumsfeld en banc Denied  ( 8-4 vote, "Hamdi IV" )

2003.07.17 – Bush Proclaims his Prejudice


QUESTION:  "Do you have concerns they're not getting justice, the people detained (at Guantanamo)?"

BUSH:  "No, the only thing I know for certain is that these are bad people..."


2003.07.18 :  "Military Commission" PROCEEDINGS  v.  ABBASI, BEGG, AND HICKS SUSPENDED FOR TALKS

2003.07.22 – United Kingdom AG Statement on Military Commission Talks

2003.07.23 :  USAF SrA AHMAD AL-HALABI ARRESTED ON SUSPICION OF AIDING POWS AT JTF-GTMO

2003.07.23 – DoD Statements on Detainee Meetings     1. UK     2. Australia 



2003.07.30 :  YASER HAMDI TRANSFERRED FROM NORFOLK TO CHARLESTON NAVAL WEAPONS STATION

2003.07.24 – Australia AG Statement on Military Commission Talks

2003.08.23 :  CO JTF-GTMO RECOMMENDS RELEASING THREE JUVENILE POWs

2003.08.24 – Miami Herald reports new POW camp and possible US war crimes at JTF-GTMO

2003.09.09 :  MG MILLER ( JTF-GTMO ) REPORT ON DOD COUNTER-TERRORISM OPS IN IRAQ ???

2003.09.10 :  US ARMY CPT JAMES YEE ARRESTED ON SUSPICION OF AIDING POWS AT JTF-GTMO

2003.09.20 – Washington Times reports the arrest of Captain Yee

2003.09.23 – AP reports the arrest of Senior Airman Al-Halabi

2003.09.30 :  TRANSLATOR AHMED MEHALBA ARRESTED ON SUSPICION OF AIDING POWS AT JTF-GTMO

2003.09.30 :  SOUTHCOM ANNOUNCES SECURITY REVIEW AT JTF-GTMO

2003.10.10 :  CAPTAIN YEE CHARGED WITH DISOBEYING ORDERS

2003.10.15 :  CHINA LAUNCHES SHENZHOU V MANNED SPACE FLIGHT, Jiuquan, 0100 GMT

2003.10.17 :  AHMED MEHALBA CHARGED WITH MAKING FALSE STATEMENTS TO FBI

2003.10.18 – Venice Commission ( COE ) Condemns Guantanamo Bay

2003.10.24 – Washington Post Reports New Details in Yee Case

2003.10.30 :  OMC CHIEF PROSECUTOR STATES "Military Commissions" ARE IMMINENT

2003.11.05 – Canadian Maher Arar Exposes US "Renditions" to Syria


"So this is who I am. I am a father and a husband. I am a telecommunications engineer and entrepreneur. I have never had trouble with the police, and have always been a good citizen. So I still cannot believe what has happened to me, and how my life and career have been destroyed."  –  Maher Arar


2003.11.10 – Ahmed Mehalba Indicted for Possession of Classified Info

2003.11.10 – USSC Grants Certiorari in AL-ODAH and RASUL

2003.11.25 – US and Australia Announce Agreements on Guantanamo POWs

2003.11.29 :  ABDULRAHMAN KHADR ARRIVES IN TORONTO FROM JTF-GTMO VIA SARAJEVO

2003.11.29 :  COL JACKIE DUANE FARR CHARGED WITH SECURITY VIOLATIONS AT JTF-GTMO

2003.12.02 – DoD Announces POW Yaser Hamdi Allowed Access to Lawyer

2003.12.03 – DoD Assigns Legal Counsel for POW David Hicks

2003.12.18 – DoD Assigns Legal Counsel for POW Salim Ahmed Hamdan

2003.12.18 – USCA 2nd Circuit :  PADILLA  v.  Rumsfeld    1. Opinion     2. Dissent 

2003.12.18 – USCA 9th Circuit :  GHEREBI  v.  Bush

2003.12.30 – DoD Military Commission Briefing
DoD Military Commission Instruction No. 9  ( Review of Proceedings )
Appointing Authority for Military Commissions
Legal Advisor to the Appointing Authority
Military Commission Review Panel Members

2003.12.30 – DOJ Appoints US Atty as Special Counsel in CIA Leak Probe
Cf. DOJ Office of Special Counsel Regulations  ( 1999.07.01 )

<<  2004  >>

2004.01.09 – USSC Grants Certiorari in HAMDI  v.  Rumsfeld

2004.01.21 :  GRAND JURY HEARINGS CONVENE IN CIA LEAK PROBE

2004.01.22 :  AHMED MEHABLA DENIED BAIL PENDING TRIAL IN BOSTON

2004.01.23 – USSC Grants Expedited Consideration in Rumsfeld  v.  Padilla

2004.01.29 – JTF-GTMO Releases 3 Juvenile POWs from Camp Iguana

2004.02.06 – DoD Issues New Military Commission Orders
DoD Military Commission Order No. 3  ( Communications Subject to Monitoring )
DoD Military Commission Order No. 4  ( Deputy Appointing Authority )
Amended Annex B to Military Commission Instruction No. 5
Legal Counsel assigned to POW al Bahlul and POW al Qos

2004.02.11 – Jose Padilla Allowed Access to Lawyer

2004.01.13 – DoD Briefing on Guantanamo Bay
See also :  Rumsfeld Remarks to Greater Miami Chamber of Commerce

2004.02.23 – PEGC ( CBG ) Files Amicus Brief in Hamdi  v.  Rumsfeld



2004.02.24 – DoD Accuses Two Guantanamo Bay POWs of Conspiracy to Commit War Crimes
See also :  Gonzales Remarks to ABA on Detainees

2004.02.25 – Danish POW Slimane Abderrahmane Repatriated From Guantanamo Bay

2004.03.01 – Seven Russian POWs Repatriated From JTF-GTMO

2004.03.03 – DoD Announces Draft Detainee Review Policy
Administrative Review Procedures for "Enemy Combatants"

2004.03.09 – Five British POWs Repatriated From JTF-GTMO

2004.03.11 :  MADRID RAILROAD BOMBINGS

2004.03.14 – OLC Memo ( Goldsmith ) Protected Persons under Geneva IV in Iraq

2004.03.15 – 23 Afghan and 3 Pakistani POWs Repatriated From JTF-GTMO

2004.03.17 – DoD Issues Military Commission Order No. 5
DoD Military Commission Order No. 5

2004.03.18 – RESCUED :  Don Rehkopf joins PEGC Hamdi Amicus as Counsel-of-Record

2004.03.19 – Goldsmith draft on Permissibility of Relocating Certain "Protected Persons" from Occupied Iraq

2004.03.22 :  CAPTAIN YEE REPRIMANDED ON ADULTERY AND PORNOGRAPHY CHARGES

2004.03.31 :  FOUR AMERICAN "SECURITY CONTRACTORS" KILLED AND MUTILATED IN FALLUJAH

2004.04.02 – JTF-GTMO Repatriates 15 POWs of Various Nationalities

2004.04.04 :  WIDE-SPREAD INSURGENCY ERUPTS IN IRAQ

2004.04.05 :  PEGC AMICUS BRIEF IN HAMDI DOCKETED



2004.04.06 – LCDR Charles Swift Files for Mandamus Against Rumsfeld, et al

2004.04.14 – Reprimand of Captain Yee Dropped on Appeal

2004.04.20 – USSC :  Oral Argument in Rasul  v.  Bush  &  Al Odah  v.  United States

2004.04.27 – 60 Minutes II Reports on Torture at Abu Ghraib Prison

2004.04.28 – USSC :  Oral Arguments in Hamdi  v.  Rumsfeld  &  Rumsfeld  v.  Padilla

2004.04.30 – The New Yorker Reports on the Taguba Investigation

2004.05.05 – The Taguba Report :  800th MP Brigade Investigation

2004.05.07 – ICRC Report on Iraq Reported by Wall Street Journal

2004.05.12 :  SrA AHMAD AL HALABI RELEASED PENDING TRIAL

2004.05.15 – The New Yorker Reports Secret DoD Operations

2004.05.17 – NEWSWEEK Reports War Crimes Memos

2004.05.21 – VINDICATION – NEWSWEEK Reports OLC Memos ( Yoo )

2004.06.01 – DOJ Press Conference to Demonize Jose Padilla

2004.06.07 – Wall Street Journal Reports DoD "Working Group" Memo on Torture

2004.06.08 – UN Security Council Resolution 1546:  Iraq and Kuwait

2004.06.08 – Washington Post Reports OLC Memo ( Bybee ) on Torture

2004.06.09 – Ashcroft Stonewalls the Senate Judiciary Committee

2004.06.10 – DoD Charges David Hicks with Conspiracy to Commit War Crimes

2004.06.22 – WHITE HOUSE DAMAGE CONTROL BLITZ
DoD Briefing on "Interrogation Process"  ( Torture Scandal )

2004.06.23 – Navy Secretary Appointed to Oversee Detainee Reviews
DoD Briefing with Navy Secretary Gordon England

2004.06.24 – DoD Briefing :  ICRC Interaction with DoD on Detainees

2004.06.28 – US Transfers Sovereignty to Interim Iraqi Government



2004.06.28 – SUPREME COURT DECIDES DETAINEE CASES
Rumsfeld  v.  Padilla,  No. 03-1027
Rasul  v.  Bush,  No. 03-334  &  Al Odah  v.  United States,  No. 03-343
Hamdi  v.  Rumsfeld,  No. 03-6696

2004.06.29 – DoD Initiates First "Military Commission"
Charge Sheet for POW al Bahlul
Charge Sheet for POW al Qosi

2004.06.30 – Supreme Court Issues Summary Remand in Bush  v.  Gherebi,  No. 03-1245

2004.07.01 :  CASSINI PROBE ORBITS SATURN

2004.07.07 – Navy GC Alberto J. Mora - Memo for Inspector General, Dept. of the Navy

2004.07.07 – DoD Designates Nine More POWs for "Military Commissions"

2004.07.07 – DoD Announces "Combatant Status Review Tribunals"
Order Establishing Combatant Status Review Tribunals ( Wolfowitz )
"Fact Sheet" - Combatant Status Review Tribunals

2004.07.08 – 9th Circuit Transfers Gherebi  v.  Bush to USDC D.C.

2004.07.08 – DoD Repatriates POW Medhi-Muhammed Ghezali to Sweeden

2004.07.08 – DoD Prepares to Brief Congress on ICRC Reports on Iraq

2004.07.09 – DoD Briefing on Combatant Status Review Tribunals ( CSRT )

2004.07.12-14 – DoD Notifies Detainees of CSRTs and Habeas Rights

2004.07.13 – US News & World Report Discloses Classified Details of Taguba Report

2004.07.14 – DoD Charges & Refers POW Salim Hamdan for "Military Commission"
Charge Sheet for POW Hamdan
Referral Order

2004.07.16 – DoD Creates "Office of Detainee Affairs" to Cordinate with ICRC
Briefing on JTF-GTMO Detainee Review Tribunals

2004.07.27 – DoD Repatriates Four French POWs

2004.07.30 – DoD Holds First CSRT Hearing
Combatant Status Tribunal Implementation Guidance

2004.08.02 – DoD Repatriates Five Moroccan POWs

2004.08.09 – Order Transferring Swift  v.  Rumsfeld to USDC D.C.  ( Lasnik, W.D. Wash. )

2004.08.11 – Negotiations Start for the Release of Yaser Hamdi

2004.08.19 – Sr. Judge Joyce Green Assigned to Coordinate D.C. Guantanamo Detainee Cases

2004.08.24 – DoD "Independent" Panel ( Schlesinger ) Report
DoD "Independent" Panel Briefing

2004.08.24 – OMC Hearing US  v.  Hamdan ( LCDR Swift USN )

2004.08.25 – DoD Report on MI Detainee Operations ( Fay / Jones )
DoD Briefing on Fay / Jones Report


OMC begins illegal "commissions" at Gitmo.

2004.08.25 – OMC Hearing US  v.  Hicks ( MAJ Mori USMC )

2004.08.26 – OMC Hearing US  v.  Al-Baluhl ( LCDR Sundel USN )
OMC Briefing on Preliminary "Commission" Hearings

2004.08.27 – OMC Hearing US  v.  Al Qosi ( LTC Shaffer USAF )

2004.09.15 – USDC D.C. Resolution of the Executive Session in Guantanamo Detainee Cases

2004.09.22 :  SrA AL HALABI PLEADS GUILTY TO MINOR CHARGES IN PLEA BARGAIN

2004.09.24 – Release Agreement Filed in Hamdi  v.  Rumsfeld

2004.10.04 :  SCALED COMPOSITES' SpaceShipOne WINS THE X PRIZE

2004.10.12 :  YASER HAMDI IS RELEASED AND RETURNED TO SAUDI ARABIA

2004.10.12 – PEGC ( CBG ) Files Amicus Brief in D.C. Guantanamo Detainee Cases

2004.10.17 – Al Odah  v.  United States :  Protective Order for Access to Counsel ( CKK )

2004.10.24-25 – NY Times In-Depth Report on The Bush PMO and Detainee Policy Since 9/11

2004.11.02 :  BUSH & CHENEY ARE RE-ELECTED

2004.11.08 – In re Guantanamo Detainees :  Protective Order for Counsel Access to Detainees ( JHG )



2004.11.08 – Hamdan  v.  Rumsfeld :  Memorandum Opinion & Order ( JR )

2004.11.09 :  ATTORNEY GENERAL JOHN ASHCROFT RESIGNS

2004.11.10 :  BUSH NOMINATES ALBERTO GONZALES AS ATTORNEY GENERAL

2004.11.17 :  BUSH APPOINTS HARRIET MIERS AS WHITE HOUSE COUNSEL

2004.11.22 – Swift & Katyal file USSC Petition for Certiorari in Hamdan  v.  Rumsfeld

2004.12.08 – In re Guantanamo Detainees :  CBG Granted Leave to Appear as Amicus Curiae ( JHG )

2004.12.09 – In re Guantanamo Detainees :  PEGC Amicus Brief Docketed as Cross-Motion for Summary Judgement

2004.12.16 – Govt Opposition to CBG Cross-Motion for Summary Judgement

2004.12.23 – CBG Reply to Govt Opposition

2004.12.30 – OLC Memo ( Levin ) on Legal Standards Applicable Under 18 USC §§ 2340–2340A ( Torture )

<<  2005  >>

2005.01.19 – Khalid  v.  Bush :  Memorandum Opinion & Order ( RJL )

2005.01.31 – In re Guantanamo Detainees :  Memorandum Opinion ( JHG )
355 F. Supp. 2d 443 ( D.D.C. 2005 )

2005.01.31 – CCR / Scott Horton :  Report to German Prosecutor

2005.02.05 :  CLASSIFIED OLC OPINION ON TORTURE ( III - Bradbury )

2005.02.28 – Padilla  v.  Hanft :  Memorandum Opinion & Order ( HFF )

2005.04.20 – Oral Arguments in Hamdan  v.  Rumsfeld  ( D.C. Cir. )

Q:  Mr. President, recently Amnesty International said you have established "a new gulag" of prisons around the world, beyond the reach of the law and decency.  I'd like your reaction to that, and also your assessment of how it came to this, that that is a view not just held by extremists and anti-Americans, but by groups that have allied themselves with the United States government in the past – and what the strategic impact is that in many places of the world, the United States these days, under your leadership, is no longer seen as the good guy.

BUSH:  [ Ya.  I- I- I'm ] aware of the Amnesty International report, and it's absurd.  It's an absurd allegation.  The United States is a country that is [ uh . . . ] promotes freedom around the world.  When there's accusations made about . . .   certain actions by our people, they're fully investigated in a transparent way.  It's just an absurd allegation.

In terms of [ umm . . . ] the detainees, we've had thousands of people detained.  We've investigated every single complaint against the detainees.  It seemed like to me they based some of their decisions on the word of [ uh . . . ] and the allegations – by people who were held in detention[ . ]  People who hate America, people that had been trained in some instances to disassemble [ sic ] – that means not tell the truth.

And so it was an absurd report.  It just is.  And [ uh . . . ]
  –   Presidential press conference, W.H. Rose Garden, May 31, 2005.



2005.??.?? (Summer) :  CLASSIFIED OLC OPINION ON TORTURE ( IV - Bradbury )

2005.06.15 – Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing on Detainees

2005.07.01 – Justice Sandra Day O'Connor Resigns

2005.07.07 :  LONDON TRANSIT BOMBINGS

2005.07.08 – Al Marri  v.  Hanft :  Memorandum Opinion & Order ( HFF )

2005.07.15 – D.C. Cir. Reverses Hamdan  v.  Rumsfeld

2005.07.19 :  BUSH NOMINATES JOHN ROBERTS ( D.C. Cir. ) TO SUPREME COURT

2005.08.12 – OLC Memo ( Marshall > Haynes ) on Military Commission Changes

2005.09.01 – PEGC Statement to Senate Judiciary Committee & Hamdan Commentary

2005.09.03 – Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist Dies

2005.09.05 :  BUSH RE-NOMINATES ROBERTS AS CHIEF JUSTICE

2005.09.09 – 4th Cir. Reverses Padilla  v.  Hanft

2005.09.23 – HRW Releases Report on Detainee Abuse in the 82nd Airborne Division

2005.10.03 :  BUSH NOMINATES WHITE HOUSE COUNSEL HARRIET MIERS TO SUPREME COURT

2005.10.05 – U.S. Senate Passes McCain Amendment on Interrogations 90-9

2005.10.11 – DoD Revises Military Commission Instruction No. 9  ( issued 2003.12.26 )

2005.10.27 :  HARRIET MIERS WITHDRAWS FROM SUPREME COURT NOMINATION

2005.10.28 – "Scooter" Libby Indicted for Obstruction of Justice & Perjury

2005.10.31 :  BUSH NOMINATES JOSEPH ALITO ( 3d Cir. ) TO SUPREME COURT

2005.10.31 :  CHENEY NAMES DAVID ADDINGTON TO REPLACE LIBBY

2005.11.07 :  SUPREME COURT GRANTS CERT IN HAMDAN v. RUMSFELD

2005.11.17 – Jose Padilla Indicted for Conspiracy  ( S.D. Fla. )

2005.11.19 :  US MARINES KILL 15 CIVILIANS IN HADITHA, IRAQ

2005.11.30 – 4th Circuit Orders Briefs on Vacatur in Padilla  v.  Hanft



2005 – Geneva Protocol III, Red Crystal adopted as additional emblem, 8 December

2005.12.05 – The Rice Statement :  Administration Denies Illegal Detentions and Torture

2005.12.08 – UK Lords of Appeal :  A and others  v.  Home Secretary, [2005] UKHL 71

2005.12.16 – NY Times Reports on Illegal Bush Domestic Spying Program

2005.12.18 – Bush Admits Illegal Domestic Wiretaps by NSA

2005.12.18 – Congress Enacts "Detainee Treatment Act of 2005" ( McCain-Graham )

2005.12.21 – 4th Circuit Denies Tranfer of Jose Padilla to DOJ Custody

2005.12.21 :  JUDGE ROBERTSON RESIGNS FROM FISA COURT

2005.12.22 – Judge Robertson issues Memorandum & Order in Qassim  v.  Bush
Motion Hearing  ( 2005.08.25 )
Status Conference  ( 2005.12.12 )

2005.12.30 – Bush Signs H.R. 2863 ( including McCain-Graham )

<<  2006  >>

2006.01.04 – Supreme Court Authorizes Transfer of Jose Padilla to DOJ Custody

2006.01.10 :  MG MILLER ASSERTS ART. 31 RIGHT ON SELF-INCRIMINATION IN IRAQ ABUSE CASES

2006.01.19 – DOJ Issues White Paper on Presidential Authority for Illegal NSA Wiretaps

2006.02.08 – Seton Hall Report I :  Profile of 517 Detainees from DoD Data

2006.02.15 – UN OHCHR Report on Situation of Detainees at Guantanamo Bay

2006.02.16 – USDC E.D.N.Y. ( DGT ) Dismisses Arar  v.  Ashcroft

2006.02.17 – The New Yorker Reports on the 2004.07.07 Mora Memo

2006.02.22 – Human Rights First Reports on Detainee Deaths in US Custody

2006.03.03 – DoD Releases Names of JTF-GTMO Detainees [ AP  v.  DoD FOIA ]



2006.03.19 – TIME Reports on the Haditha Massacre of 2005.11.19

2006.03.20 – Seton Hall Report II :  USG Disagreements About Who is Our Enemy

2006.03.22 – USCA D.C. Cir. :  Oral Arguments in Boumedienne  v.  Bush  &  Al-Odah  v.  U.S.

2006.03.24 – DoD Issues Military Commission Instruction No. 10

2006.03.28 – USSC :  Oral Argument in Hamdan  v.  Bush

2006.03.30 – ASIL Adopts Resolution on the Laws of War and Occupation
Text as Proposed by Prof. Ben Davis et al.  ( 2006.01.30 )
Development of the ASIL Resolution  ( 2005.12.12 - 2006.03.30 )
ASIL Roundtable with Condoleeza Rice  ( 2006.03.29 )
ASIL Insight :  Basic Legal Authorities for the ASIL Resolution  ( 2006.05.19 )

2006.04.03 – USSC :  Certiorari Denied in Padilla  v.  Hanft, No. 05-533, Kennedy concurring
Ginsburg dissenting

2006.04.19 – DoD Releases Full List of Guantanamo Detainees [ AP  v.  DoD FOIA ]

2006.04.14 – Salon Reports on Army IG Investigation of Abuse at JTF-GTMO
IG Interview with LG Randall Schmidt USAF  ( 2005.08.24 )
IG Interview with GEN James Hill USA  ( 2005.10.07 )

2006.04.28 – UN Security Council Res. 1674  ( Protection of civilians in armed conflict )

2006.05.05 :  UIGHUR DETAINEES RELEASED FROM GITMO TO ALBANIA

2006.05.19 – UN Committee against Torture Report on USA
US Department of State Response  ( 2006.05.19 )

2006.06.10 :  THREE GAUNTANAMO BAY PRISONERS COMMIT SUICIDE



2006.06.29 – SUPREME COURT RULES THAT BUSH "MILITARY COMMISSIONS" ARE ILLEGAL
HAMDAN  v.  Rumsfeld,  No. 05-184, Stevens per curiam, Kennedy concurring in part
Cf. Application of YAMASHITA, 327 U.S. 1 (1946), Murphy & Rutledge dissenting at 26-81
See also "Mr. Justice Rutledge" by John Paul Stevens (1956)

2006.07 – HRW Reports Soldiers' Accounts of Detainee Abuse in Iraq
See also John H. Richardson,  "Acts of Conscience",  Esquire ( 2006.08 )

2006.07.07 – DoD ( England ) Orders Compliance with Geneva Common Article 3

2006.07.11 – Seton Hall Report III :  Gitmo Detainees During Detention

2006.08.01 :  MG MILLER RETIRES FROM ARMY – AWARDED DSM

2006.08.08 – USDC D.S.C. ( HFF ) Upholds Unlawful Detention of Ali Al-Marri

2006.08.17 – USDC E.D. Mich. ( ADT ) Rules Secret NSA Wiretap Program is Illegal

2006.08.20 – HICKS ( Rasul )  v.  BUSH ( In re Gitmo ) :  Memo Order for Filter Team ( JR )( amend. 2006.09.20 )
Cf. Boumediene  v.  Bush,  Memo Opinion ( RJL )( 2006.08.28 )

2006.08.21 – Seton Hall Report IV :  June 10th Suicides at Guantanamo

2006.08.25 – DoD Inspector General Review of DoD-Directed Investigations of Detainee Abuse

2006.09.06 – BUSH ADMITS SECRET CIA PRISONS & TRANSFERS CIA DETAINEES TO GITMO
ODNI High Value Terrorist Detainee Program
Biographies of High Value Detainees
Proposed Bush "Military Commissions Act of 2006"

2006.09.06 – DoD Announces Detainee Program and New US Army Interogation Field Manual
DoD Directive 2310.01E – DoD Detainee Program
US Army Field Manual FM 2.22-3 – Human Intelligence Collector Operations

2006.09.15 – Bush Demands that Congress "Clarify" Common Article 3 to Allow Torture

2006.09.18 – Canadian Commission of Inquiry Concerning Maher Arar Reports Findings
Analysis and Recommendations
Factual Background, Volume I
Factual Background, Volume II



2006.09.21 :  McCAIN & WARNER AGREE TO "COMPROMISE" MILITARY COMMISSION ACT

2006.09.22 – USCA D.C. Cir. Remands HAMDAN  v.  Rumsfeld to USDC D.D.C.

2006.09.25 – Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing on Limiting Habeas

2006.09.29 – Congress Approves "Military Commissions Act of 2006"

2006.09.29 :  US REP. MARK FOLEY ( R–FL 16TH ) RESIGNS OVER CAPITOL PAGE SCANDAL

2006.10.09 :  NORTH KOREA TESTS NUCLEAR WEAPON

2006.10.14 – UN Security Council Resolution 1718 on North Korea



2006.10.17 – Bush Signs "Military Commission Act of 2006"
White House Press Briefing by Tony Snow
DOJ Letter to the USCA D.C. Cir. re the Detainee Cases and the MCA
Hamdan Moves for New Briefs in USDC D.D.C.
Detainees Move for New Briefs in USCA D.C. Cir.

2006.10.18 – USCA D.C. Cir. Orders Supplemental Briefs re MCA in Al Odah & Boumediene

2006.10.24 – Cheney Calls Water Torture a "No-Brainer" in Radio Interview
White House claims Cheney didn't really say what he said, or mean what he meant, or something . . .

2006.11.05 :  IRAQI TRIBUNAL ANNOUNCES GUILTY VERDICT IN SADDAM HUSSEIN TRIAL



2006.11.07 :  DEMOCRATS WIN CONTROL OF CONGRESS IN MID-TERM ELECTIONS

2006.11.08 – Rumsfeld resigns ;  Bush names Robert Gates as Secretary of Defense

2006.11.17 – Seton Hall Report V :  Analysis of CSRT Proceedings at Guantanamo

2006.11.22 – Iraqi Tribunal Issues Written Judgement in Saddam Hussein Trial

2006.11.29 – Humanitarian Law Project  v.  U.S. Dep't of Treasury (C.D. Cal., ABC )

2006.11.29 – Al-Razak  v.  Bush :  "Next Friend" Status Granted to Gitmo Detainee ( GK )

2006.12.06 – The Iraq Study Group Issues Report

2006.12.13 – Hamdan  v.  Rumsfeld is Dissmissed :  Memorandum Opinion & Order ( JR )

2006.12.15 – D.C. Cir. stays Bismullah v. Rumsfeld (DTA) pending a decision in Al Odah & Boumediene

2006.12.29 – D.C. Cir. Denies Former Judges Leave to File Amicus in Al Odah & Boumediene



2006.12.30 :  SADDAM HUSSEIN EXECUTED BY HANGING

<<  2007  >>

2007.01.02 – FBI Releases 2004 Internal Report on JTF-GTMO Interrogations



2007.01.04 :  110th CONGRESS CONVENES

2007.01.18 – DoD Issues Manual for Military Commissions

2007.01.26 – Canada Apologizes to Maher Arar and Agrees to Pay Compensation

2007.02.09 – D.C. Cir. Affirms Habeas Jurisdiction in Omar  v.  Harvey

2007.02.14 – Bush Re-Authorizes Military Commissions Under MCA

2007.02.20 – D.C. Cir. Dismisses Boumediene  &  Al Odah for Lack of Jurisdiction
Rogers Dissenting

2007.03.06 :  SCOOTER LIBBY CONVICTED OF PERJURY & OBSTRUCTION

2007.03.26 – David Hicks agrees to Plea Bargin

2007.03.07 – U.S.  v.  Lewellyn, 481 F.3d 695 (CA9 2007)(assault p. 18 USC 113)

2007.03.27 – In re Iraq and Afghanistan Detainees Litig., 479 F. Supp.2d 85 (D.D.C. 2007)

2007.04.02 – SC Denies Cert in Boumedienne & Al Odah
Statement by Stevens & Kennedy
Breyer, Souter & Ginsburg Dissenting

2007.04.30 :  SC DENIES CERT IN HAMDAN

2007.05.15 – James Comey Testifies re Gonzalez Hospital Visit

2007.05.15 :  JOSE PADILLA TRIAL BEGINS

2007.05.15 – D.C. Cir. Hears Oral Argument in Bismullah v. Gates (DTA)

2007.05.17 :  LCDR MATTHEW DIAZ CONVICTED

2007.05.20 :  DAVID HICKS REPATRIATED TO AUSTRALIA

2007.06.01 – Bismullah v. Gates, Declaration of James M. McGarrah
Petitioners' Response to the McGarrah Declaration ( 2007.06.07 )

2007.06.11 – 4th Cir. Reverses Al-Marri  v.  Wright, 487 F.3d 160 (CA4 2007)

2007.06.14 – 2d Cir. Remands Iqbal  v.  Hasty

2007.06.29 – SUPREME COURT GRANTS REHEARING AND CERTIORARI IN BOUMEDIENE & AL ODAH, 551 U.S. ___

2007.07.02 :  BUSH COMMUTES LIBBY'S SENTENCE
Grant of Executive Clemency to Scooter Libby
Statement by Bush

2007.07.20 – D.C. Cir. ruling in Bismullah v. Gates (DTA)

2007.07.20 – BUSH ISSUES EXECUTIVE ORDER ON GENEVA CA3

2007.07.24 – US v. Hicks, Final Report of Lex Lasry QC, Law Council of Australia

2007.08.16 :  JOSE PADILLA CONVICTED ON ALL COUNTS

2007.08.22 :  4th CIR. GRANTS REHEARING EN BANC IN AL MARRI v. WRIGHT

2007.08.26 :  AG ALBERTO GONZALES RESIGNS EFFECTIVE 2007.09.17

2007.10.05 – Hamad v. Bush ( D.C. Cir. ), Declaration of William J. Teesdale, Esq.

2007.10.17-18 :  MUKASEY CONFIRMATION HEARINGS
Day 1 Transcript
Day 2 Transcript

2007.10.31 :  AL MARRI v. WRIGHT REARGUED BEFORE 4th CIR. EN BANC

2007.11.08 – Seton Hall Report VI :  Reply to DoD's Response

2007.11.09 :  SENATE VOTES 53-40 TO CONFIRM MICHAEL MUKASEY AS AG

2007.12.03 – Supreme Court Hears Oral Argument in Boumediene v. Bush

2007.12.05 – NIE Reports Iran Stopped Atomic Weapons Program in 2003

2007.12.06 – New York Times Reports CIA Destroyed Tapes of Interrogations
Statement by CIA Director Michael Hayden

2007.12.10 – Seton Hall Report VII :  The Meaning of "Battlefield"

2007.12.10 – ABC News Interviews John Kiriakou re Waterboarding
ABC News interview with John Kiriakou
Today Show interview with John Kiriakou

2007.12.27 :  BENAZIR BHUTTO ASSASINATED



2007.12.29 :  DAVID HICKS RELEASED FROM YATALA PRISON

<<  2008  >>

2008.01.02 – AG Mukasey Appoints John Durham to Investigate CIA Tapes

2008.01.11 – D.C. Cir. Dismisses Rasul  v.  Myers

2008.01.22 :  JOSE PADILLA SENTENCED TO 17 YEARS IN PRISON

2008.01.29 – AG Mukasey Claims Waterboarding is Legal in Some Circumstances

2008.02.01 – D.C. Cir. Denies Rehearing En Banc in Bismullah  v.  Gates ( 5-5 vote )



2008.02.05 – CIA ADMITS WATERBOARDING

2008.02.07 – AG Mukasey Claims Waterboarding Cannot be Prosecuted

2008.02.07 – Seton Hall Report VIII :  Captured on Tape

2008.02.11 – DoD Files "Military Commission" Charges  v.  KSM and Five Others

2008.02.17 :  KOSOVO DECLARES INDEPENDENCE FROM SERBIA

2008.02.21 :  US NAVY MISSILE HITS DEFECTIVE SATELLITE IN ORBIT

2008.02.22 – S. Ct. Orders Expedited Briefs in Gov't DTA Appeal (Gates v. Bismullah)

2008.02.22 – DOJ OPR Discloses Investigation of Torture Memos

2008.02.25 – William Haynes Resigns as DoD General Counsel

2008.02.27 :  AG MUKASEY VISITS GUANTANAMO BAY

2008.02.28 – ECHR Upholds Absolute Ban on Torture in Saadi  v.  Italy

2008.03.08 – Bush Vetoes Intelligence Authoriztion Act

2008.03.11 – CENTCOM CIC Admiral William Fallon Forced to Retire

2008.03.12 :  NEW YORK GOVERNOR ELIOT SPITZER RESIGNS IN SEX SCANDAL

2008.03.20 – D.C. Court of Appeals Disbars Scooter Libby

2008.03.25 – Supreme Court Affirms Texas Decision in Medellin v. Texas, 552 U.S. ____ (2008)

2008.03.25 – Oral Arguments in Munaf  v.  Geren  ( S. Ct. )

2008.04.01 – DOJ Releases the 2003.03.14 Yoo Memo on Interogation and Torture of Detainees

2008.05.13 – Military Commission Ruling Bans BG Hartmann from Hamdan Case

2008.05.13 – Military Commission Charges Filed Against Khalid Shiek Mohammad and Four Others

2008.05.14 – Solicitor General Paul Clement Resigns (effective 2 June)

2008.05.20 – DOJ Releases Inspector General Report on FBI Involment with Detainee Abuse

2008.05.23 – Supreme Court of Canada Orders Release of Records to Omar Khadr

2008.05.28 :  NEPAL ABOLISHES MONARCHY AND DECLARES A REPUBLIC

2008.05.29 – Judge Brownback Removed from Khadr Military Commission

2008.05.30 – DUBLIN CONVENTION ON CLUSTER MUNITIONS SIGNED BY 111 NATIONS

2008.06.03 :  BARACK OBAMA WINS THE DEMOCRATIC NOMINATION FOR PRESIDENT



2008.06.05 :  ACCUSED 911 CONSPIRATORS ARRAIGNED BEFORE GITMO MILITARY COMMISSION

2008.06.05 – DHS Releases IG Report on the Rendition of Meher Arar to Syria
DHS Inspector General Report (2008.03)
Prepared Testimony of Scott Horton to the House Judiciary Committee



2008.06.12 – SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS HABEAS IN THE DETAINEE CASES
Boumediene  v.  Bush,  No. 06-1195  &  Al Odah  v.  United States,  No. 06-1196
Munaf  v.  Geren,  No. 06-1666  &  Geren  v.  Omar,  No. 07-394

2008.06.23 – S. Ct. Remands Bismullah and Dimisses Ali and Al-Ghizzawi Without Predjudice

2008.06.23 – D.C. CIRCUIT RULES CSRT INVALID IN PARHAT  v.  GATES



2008.06.26 :  ADDINGTON & YOO TESTIFY TO HOUSE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE RE TORTURE

2008.06.30 – D.C. Circuit Releases Redacted Opinion in Parhat  v.  Gates

2008.07.02 – USDC D.D.C. Order to Coordinate Guantanamo Bay Detainee Litigation (TFH)

2008.07.15 – D.C. Circuit en banc remands Al-Marri  v.  Pucciarelli

2008.07.21 :  HAMDAN MILITARY COMMISSION BEGINS AT GUANTANAMO BAY

2008.08.01 :  FIGHTING BEGINS IN SOUTH OSSETIA BETWEEN GEORGIAN GOV'T AND SEPARATISTS

2008.08.06 :  HAMDAN CONVICTED BY MILITARY COMMISSION ON "MATERIAL SUPPORT" CHARGES

2008.08.06 :  DOJ Discloses Documents in Anthrax Investigation

2008.08.08 :  RUSSIA INVADES GEORGIA

2008.08.21 – England and Wales High Court :  Application of Mohamed, [2008] EWHC 2048 (Admin)

2008.11.03 :  JTF-GITMO "MILITARY COMMISSION" SENTENCES ALI HAMZA AL-BAHLUL TO LIFE IMPRISONMENT

2008.11.04 – D.C. Circuit Casts Doubts on Viability of DTA Process ( Basardh v. Gates )



2008.11.04 :  BARACK OBAMA ELECTED 44TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
Obama's victory speech at Grant Park in Chicago

2008.11.05 :  OBAMA APPOINTS RAHM EMANUEL AS CHIEF OF STAFF

2008.12.15 – Supreme Court Reverses D.C. Cir. in the Detainee Cases in RASUL v. MYERS, No. 08-235

<<  2009  >>



2009.01.20 :  BARACK OBAMA TAKES OFFICE AS PRESIDENT
Obama's Inaugual Address

2009.08.24 :  OBAMA ESTABLISHES HIGH-VALUE INTERROGTION UNIT



2009.10.20 :  Supreme Court Grants Certiorari in KIYEMBA v. OBAMA, No. 08-1234
Case Documents

2009.11.07 :  US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES PASSES HEALTH CARE REFORM BILL

2009.11.24 :  PHIL CARTER QUITS AS DASD FOR DETAINEE AFFAIRS

2009.12.11 – PEGC Files an Amicus Brief in Kiyemba v. Obama

2009.12.22 – President Obama Signs "Human Rights Enforcement Act of 2009"

2009.12.24 :  US SENATE PASSES HEALTH CARE REFORM BILL

<<  2010  >>

<<  PRESENT  >>
 

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